Periodontal disease is a serious infection of the gums and surrounding tissue. And the best way to prevent periodontal disease is through good oral hygiene, which includes brushing and flossing at least twice per day and visiting your dentist regularly.
The symptoms of periodontal disease include swollen or sore gums, bleeding gums, and painful chewing.
If you have any of these symptoms, don’t wait to make an appointment with your dentist. Untreated periodontal disease has potentially serious side effects, including tooth loss. Some studies have even suggested a direct link between periodontal disease and rheumatoid arthritis, heart attack, and stroke.
Types of Periodontal Disease
Chronic periodontal disease is caused by plaque buildup, which leads to the destruction of gums and bone. If left untreated, chronic periodontal disease eventually leads to tooth loss.
Aggressive periodontal disease often begins at an early age and can run in families. This form of periodontal disease progresses rapidly and also leads to tooth loss.
Necrotizing periodontal disease means necrosis or death of gum tissue and bone. This type of periodontal disease also leads to tooth loss, but it is more common in individuals with compromised immune systems.
Periodontal Treatment in Ellicott City, MD
At MD Smiles, we’ll choose the best treatment option based on the severity of your periodontal disease.
Non-surgical interventions include:
- Scaling or removing plaque and bacteria from your teeth and below the gums
- Root planning, a process that smoothes roots to prevent inflammation, discourage bacteria and promote healing
Surgical interventions include:
- Grafting, a process that involves removing bone or tissue from other areas to reinforce gums and bone that has receded or is no longer viable.
- Tissue regeneration or tissue-stimulating proteins, which help promote new bone growth
If you have symptoms of periodontal disease, make an appointment with our office as soon as possible. Early treatment is critical.